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A Life-or-death Turning Point in the Communist Party of China’s History: Zunyi Meeting 党的历史上生死攸关的转折点:遵义会议

May 6, 2021 Shu Tianle 

After the fifth plenary session of the sixth CPC central committee finished, the Wang Mings left-leaning adventurism carried out more aggressive in the work of the Communist Party of China and the base areas. Under this wrong leadership, the fifth counter-campaign against encirclement and suppressionfailed.

19341月中共六届五中全会以后,在中国共产党和根据地的各项工作中,王明“左”倾冒险主义得到更加变本加厉的推行。在这种错误领导下,第五次反“围剿”失败了,迫使红军放弃革命根据地,开始长征。


At the beginning of the long march, the people who support pinko dogmatism turned into flight-ism in retreat from adventurism in attack. And they turned strategic shift into a big moving action, which made the troops moved very slowly. And this gave the enemy enough time to mobilize forces to encircle, pursue and intercept the Red Army causing heavy losses to the Red Army in the process of breaking through the encirclement.

长征初期,“左”倾教条主义者从进攻中的冒险主义变成退却中的逃跑主义,并且把战略转移变成搬家式的行动,使部队的行军速度非常缓慢,致使敌人有充分的时间调集兵力,对红军实行围追堵截,红军在突围过程中损失惨重。


In order to get rid of the enemy's tail chasing and blockingthe comrade Mao Zedong advised to give up the plan going to the west of Hu Nan to join the Red Army two and six. He also advised to advance to Gui Zhou, where the enemys power was weak. On January 7, 1935, the red army conquered Zunyi, an important town in northern Gui Zhou. And they held the famous Zun Yi meeting there.

为了摆脱围追堵截的敌军,毛泽东同志建议中央红军放弃去湘西同红二、六军团会合的计划,改向敌军力量薄弱的贵州挺进。193517日,红军攻克黔北重镇遵义,在那里召开了著名的遵义会议。


The Zunyi meeting put the Wang Mings left-leaning adventurism dominated in the center to the end. And the correct leadership of the new Central Committee represented by Mao Zedong was established. This was the first meeting that the Communist Party of China had independently applied the basic principles of Marxism Leninism to solve the problems existing in its line, principles and policies. It saved the party and the Red Army at an extremely dangerous time. It was a life-or-death turning point in the history of the Communist Party of China, marking the Communist Party of China transformed from childish to mature.

遵义会议结束了王明“左”倾冒险主义在中共中央的统治,确立了以毛泽东为代表的新的中央的正确领导。这次会议是中国共产党第一次独立自主地运用马克思列宁主义基本原理解决自己的路线、方针和政策存在的问题的会议。它在极端危险的时刻,挽救了党和红军,是中国共产党历史上一个生死攸关的转折点,标志着中国共产党从幼稚走向成熟。


The Zun Yi Meeting was held in an urgent war situation. Instead of discussing the political line comprehensively, it focused on solving the most urgent organizational and military problems faced by the party. It put the left-leaning pinko dogmatism‘s wrong domination in the Central Committee to the end, establishing Mao Zedong's leading position in the Red Army and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. The Chinese revolutionary ship finally had a helmsman who could control its process. These achievements were achieved independently when the Communist Party of China broke off contact with the Comintern, marking the political maturity of the Communist Party of China. This meeting saved the party, the Red Army and the Chinese revolution at an extremely critical historical juncture. It is a life-or-death turning point in the history of the Communist Party of China and the Red Army. The Central Committee of the party, with Mao Zedong as the core, has formulated a correct political and military line. The Red Army, which has suffered setbacks, has a guarantee from failure to victory.

遵义会议是在紧急的战争形势下召开的,没有全面地讨论政治路线方面的问题,而是集中地解决了党内所面临的最迫切的组织问题和军事问题,结束了倾教条主义错误在中央的统治,确立了毛泽东在红军和中共中央的领导地位,中国革命的航船终于有了一位能驾驭其进程的舵手!这些成果,是中国共产党同共产国际中断联系的情况下独立自主地取得的,标志着中国共产党在政治上开始走向成熟。这次会议,在极端危急的历史关头,挽救了党,挽救了红军,挽救了中国革命,在中国共产党和红军的历史上,是一个生死攸关的转折点。以毛泽东为核心的党中央,制定了一条正确的政治路线和军事路线,屡遭挫折的红军从此有了从失败走向胜利的保证。





Author: Shu Tianle

Date: April 27, 2021


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